Vincent Van Gogh (1853 - 1890) was a Dutch, Post-Impressionist Master whose innovative art influenced modern Expressionism, Fauvism, and early Abstract art. Van Gogh produced all of his work during a 10-year period. In 1889, he created 150 paintings and drawings alone! Tormented by mental illness for most of his life, Van Gogh created many of his masterpieces while institutionalized. Despite only selling one painting during his lifetime ("The Red Vineyards at Arles"), Vincent van Gogh is now regarded as one of the most important artists of the 19th century.