Willi Baumeister (1889 – 1955) was an exceptional German “nonrepresentationalist,” creating works that shattered the traditional connection between form and color. Baumeister was highly inspired by Impressionism and Cubism, and belonged to several prominent artistic groups. He attained international fame with wall-like Cubist relief structures composed of a mixture of paint, sand and putty. During the Third Reich, Baumeister was banned as a “degenerate artist,” and spent his exile writing and studying various art forms. Baumeister’s ingenious art spanned figurative works and abstract forms, establishing him as one of Germany’s most important modern artists.