Modernism and modern art describe the succession of art movements from the realist artists of 1860 to abstract artists in the 1970s. The philosophy behind modern art is that it rejects history and realistic depictions of subjects and instead focuses on innovation and experimentation with shapes, colors, and lines. Modern art is often abstract with an emphasis on processes, materials, and techniques. Notable examples of modern art include Pablo Picasso's Cubist painting 'Mediterranean Landscape” and Rene Magritte's Surrealist painting 'Son of Man.' Others include Abstract artist Jackson Pollock's iconic splatter paintings and Minimalist painter Frank Stella’s “Black Paintings” series.