The most famous female artist of her era, French painter Rosa Bonheur (1822 – 1899) excelled at the heroic depiction of working animals. Originally a dressmaker, Bonheur received artistic training from her father, a landscape painter. Her passion for animals enabled her to portray them with great sympathy and accuracy, utilizing numerous preparatory sketches before completing the final artwork. In order to study animal anatomy, Bonheur obtained a police permit to wear men’s attire so she could go to butcher shops and slaughterhouses. Her most acclaimed work, “The Horse Fair,” catapulted her to international fame, and is now displayed at New York’s Metropolitan Museum.